Indonesia

For two decades, Indonesia—an investment destination with a largely trained workforce—has seen significant economic growth. However, 28 million people still live in poverty, and environmental degradation threatens long-term sustainability.

700 Foundations and Businesses Connected

Connections

In partnership with Filantropi Indonesia (FI), 11 associations which represent 700 foundations and businesses in Indonesia have connected in a philanthropy business forum, Filantropi dan Bisnis SDGs (FBI4SDGs), to advance the SDGs.

65 SDG Indicators Localized

Pathways

In collaboration with the Tanoto Foundation, the SDG Philanthropy Platform has partnered with the Riau Government in a pilot project to align the local development plan with the SDGs. Currently, 65 out of 169 SDG indicators have been reflected in the provincial development plan to monitor progress and set pathways for new investments.

 

$300 K Funding Allocated for the SDGs

Partnering

The National Board of Zakat (BAZNAS) Indonesia, the government agency responsible for the disbursement of Zakat, Islamic charity to the poor, committed its first contribution of $300,000 to support the achievement of the SDGs in the country. This is a landmark step that formalizes the channeling of Zakat funds to achieve SDGs for the first time anywhere in the world. The initial funding will support the development of a micro hydro power plant in Sumatra island’s Jambi province.

 

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Progress and SDG Priorities

What's on the SDG agenda for Indonesia? How has its development agenda evolved in response to past achievements?

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Progress and Challenges: 

  • Steep drop in overall poverty levels 

  • Slow progress in poverty reduction against national standards

SDG priorities:

  •  Increasing social welfare through "Prosperous Indonesia" programme

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Progress and Challenges: 

  • Steep drop in overall poverty levels 

  • Slow progress in poverty reduction against national standards

SDG priorities:

  •  Increasing social welfare through "Prosperous Indonesia" programme

End hunger, achieve food security, improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Prevalence of children (under the age of 5) with malnutrition

SDG Priorities:

  • Combat Malnutrition

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Overall increase in life expectancy at birth
  • Successfully combating TB and malaria
  • High level of child mortality 
  • sLow progress in reducing maternal mortality
  • Low progress in fighting HIV / AIDS

SDG Priorities:

  • Improving people's health through `Healthy Indonesia` programme

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Universal primary education

SDG priorities:

  • Improving the quality of education and trainings through "Smart Indonesia" program
  • IIncorporating civic education within the national education curriculum

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Progress and Challenges:

  • Improved gender equality and women's empowerment

SDG Priorities:

  • Developing the skills of female political candidates

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Improved access to water and sanitation in urban areas
  • Limited sustainable access to water and basic sanitation in rural areas 

SDG Priorities:

  • Extending access to water and basic sanitation

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • 40 million people live without electricity—mostly poor and in rural areas
  • 24.5 million households rely on firewood for cooking

SDG Priorities:

  • Developing renewable biomass-based, solar and hydraulic energy

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Overall employment is on decline 
  • Youth, women, and people with disabilities constitute the majority of the unemployed
  • Inflows of FDI to the mining sector
  • Inflows of FDI to the mining sector
  • Continued heavy reliance on copper mining for export revenue
  • Reduced access to lending and ODA

SDG Priorities:

  • Encouraging land reform and land ownership
  • Improving productivity and competitiveness in the international market
  • Social investment and human development
  • Accelerating the development of downstream mining industries(coal, oil, gas and copper)

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Rapid penetration of mobile connectivity networks within the country
  • Rapid growth in the communications, transportation and service sectors
  • Limited investment in technology, innovation, research and development
  • Weak intersectoral linkages

SDG Priorities:

  • Forthcoming

Reduce inequality within and among countries

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Exclusion of women, ethnic minorities and people living in remote areas

SDG Priorities:

  • Strengthening rural areas
  • Reducing disparities among provinces, disctricts and municipalities

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Heightened risk of natural disasters

SDG Priorities:

  • Increasing community resilience to the impacts of climate change on 15 vulnerable areas (National Adaptation Action Plan on Climate Change)
  • Improving institutional capacity in disaster risk mitigation and reduction
  • Developing early warning and monitoring systems for floods and fires

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Forthcoming

SDG Priorities:

  • Implementing the Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) standard and certification scheme

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Indonesia is one of the world's largest emitters of greenhouse gas
  • High reliance on fossil fuels

SDG Priorities:

  • Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in 5 priority sectors (forestry and peatlands, agriculture, energy and transportation, industrial and waste management)
  • Low-carbon development

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Forthcoming

SDG Priorities:

  • Eradicating illegal fishing
  • Enhancing watershed conservation and rehabilitation

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Rapid depletion of forest resources through deforestation and forest fires 

SDG Priorities:

  • Eradicating illegal logging and mining
  • EIncreasing community participation in forest management

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Violent conflicts over land and resources

SDG priorities:

  • Restoring public confidence in democratic institutions
  • Strengthening diversity and creating space for dialogue among citizens

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development

 

Progress and Challenges:

  • Indonesia is a party of the 2017 National Voluntary Review of the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable 

SDG Priorities:

  • Forthcoming

Philanthropy in Indonesia

Indonesia ranks seventh out of 140 in the list of the most generous countries in the world, according to the Charities Aid Foundation (CAF) World Giving Index 2016. Indonesia's current rise in individual wealth has encouraged many entrepreneurs to engage with philanthropy in order to sustain family legacies and to give back to their communities.

The complex geographic and ethnic diversity of Indonesia provides opportunities and unique challenges in terms of creating an enabling environment for philanthropy.

The complex geographic and ethnic diversity of Indonesia provides opportunities and unique challenges in terms of creating an enabling environment for philanthropy. This broad diversity has meant that many local philanthropic organizations have had to follow both traditional patterns of philanthropy, whilst simultaneously forging new pathways to support and accelerate social development within the country.

Navigating the Landscape

What you need to know about doing philanthropy in Indonesia

Legal structures

NGOs Indonesia

Societies

The Development Agenda and SDGs

Philanthropy must keep in mind national development plans and agendas, and national and subnational levels of governance and accountability that influence development priorities and structures.

SDG logo

The SDG Process in Indonesia

How far along is Indonesia in formally integrating the SDGs into its planning, implementation and monitoring processes? 

1

Planning

2

Implementation

3

Monitoring