Against a backdrop of growing inequalities, population and vast development challenges, Kenya claims the largest concentration of impact investors in East Africa, with Nairobi serving as a regional investment hub.

70 Foundations Connected

Connections

In partnership with local philanthropy organizations in Kenya, the SDG Philanthropy Platform co-founded the Kenya Philanthropy Forum in 2015 to facilitate the representation of the local philanthropy voice in policy discussions such as the national development plan and collaborative opportunities. Over 70 foundations have been connected. 

 

4 Collaborative Pathways

Pathways

4 pathways have been identified through a system design multi-stakeholder process to accelerate Early Childhood Development (ECD) in Kenya: supporting caregivers in receiving and understanding latest science on ECD, identifying and unblocking information, designing and testing innovative and scalable models, and designing and testing demand-driven business models.

2 Innovative Projects Funded

Innovation

2 innovators, Kuza and Educate Global Fund (EGF), have been awarded with up to $40,000 in funding to work on the collaborative pathways for ECD in Kenya.

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Progress and SDG Priorities

 

    End poverty in all its forms everywhere

    Progress:

    • Strong economic growth
    • Reduced overall poverty levels

    Challenges:

    • Increasing inequality

    SDG priorities:

    • Creating opportunities for accelerating sustainable livelihood growth in rural, semi-arid and arid areas
    • Empowering the poor and vulnerable with skills, knowledge and opportunities to respond to market needs
    • Establishing private sector partnerships and advocating for pro-poor investments and businesses

    End poverty in all its forms everywhere

    Progress:

    • Strong economic growth
    • Reduced overall poverty levels

    Challenges:

    • Increasing inequality

    SDG priorities:

    • Creating opportunities for accelerating sustainable livelihood growth in rural, semi-arid and arid areas
    • Empowering the poor and vulnerable with skills, knowledge and opportunities to respond to market needs
    • Establishing private sector partnerships and advocating for pro-poor investments and businesses

    End hunger, achieve food security, improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

    Progress:

    • Strong economic growth
    • Reduced overall poverty levels

    Challenges:

    • Marginal drop in proportion of underweight children below 5 years
    • Majority of people in the country are still below the recommended dietary level
    • Severe food shortages due to recurrent climate-related natural disasters
    • Loss of high potential agricultural land due to rapid urbanization and expansion of infrastructure
    • Poor infrastructure in rural areas continues to affect market access for both producers and buyers of agricultural produce
    • Rapid population increase coupled with decrease in food production continues to affect food security in the country

    SDG priorities:

    • Increasing agricultural productivity and improving food security
    • Developing aquaculture to encourage investments along the value chain thus making fish farming a viable commercial venture

    Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being

    Progress:

    • Introduction of maternity services in all health facilities
    • Increased coverage and scope of immunization of children
    • Moderate reduction in child mortality
    • Halt and reversal of spread in HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis

    Challenges:

    • Slow progress on maternal health
    • Shortfall in staff and skills capacity
    • Low health seeking behaviour and inadequate child care practices among care-givers
    • Inadequate financial resources
    • Poor access to health services including geographical and cost of services, inadequate referral systems
    • High occurrence of adolescent pregnancies
    • High poverty levels in most households that has exacerbated the nutritional status of mothers and children, and hence poor child health outcomes
    • Low awareness of HIV status among those infected
    • Low access to HIV prevention, care and treatment services

    SDG priorities:

    • Developing guidelines for an Integrated Health Management System
    • Expansion of immunization coverage and package
    • Distribution of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) for malaria prevention and improved Antenatal Care (ANC)
    • Capacity development of medical staff
    • Investing in infrastructure
    • Running behavioural change programs for general population and Most at Risk Population (MARPs) to promote safe sex by using condoms and reducing multiple sexual partners
    • Developing and implementing National Malaria Strategy
    • Improving TB diagnosis and surveillance through the adoption of new diagnostic technologies
    • Involving communities in TB control through engagement of CSOs in advocacy, communication and social mobilization
    • Developing electronic data collection system to improve data quality, financial management and program management 

    Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

    Progress:

    • Almost 100% universal primary education
    • Steady progress in literacy among both young women and men

    Challenges:

    • Challenges in secondary education rates
    • Inadequate number and inequitable distribution of teachers, which results in high pupils/teacher ratio in some schools
    • Inadequate physical facilities have severely overstretched learning facilities thereby posing serious risks on the active participation of pupils in school activities
    • Gender, socio-economic and regional disparities negatively impacts on access, retention and participation of pupils

    SDG priorities:

    • Distributing teachers in a more appropriate and effective way
    • Improving poorly equipped facilities
    • Improving quality of education
    • Improving Early Childhood Development
    • Addressing disruptions from climate change and conflict

    Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

    Progress:

    • Stronger female political representation
    • Strong female ratio in primary education

    Challenges:

    • Most women can only access traditional jobs/roles
    • Women have limited access to factors of production and market
    • Women remain particularly vulnerable to recurrent natural disasters

    SDG priorities:

    • Enhancing women's skills to access better jobs
    • Fighting against harmful traditional practices (FGM)
    • Eliminating gender-based violence

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation

    Progress:

    • Improved water access and sanitation

    Challenges:

    • Poor water sanitation/sewerage accessibility due to low coverage ratio of the sewerage system as a result of rapid increase of urban population

    SDG priorities:

    • Rehabilitating, expanding and developing Water and Sanitation/Sewerage Infrastructure

    Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

    Challenges:

    • Over-reliance on traditional biomass energy (only 20% of households are connected to the national electricity grid)

    SDG priorities:

    • Developing a diversified portfolio of power generation assets that is expected to shift over time from high dependency on increasingly unpredictable hydro-power and fuel price sensitive thermal options to greener, cheaper, more dependable and sustainable sources

    Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work

    Progress:

    • Strong economic growth

    Challenges:

    • Women and youth are mostly employed by informal sectors
    • Youth unemployment

    SDG priorities:

    • Promoting entrepreneurship and acquisition of vocational skills, targeting women, youth and marginalized groups
    • Focusing on value-chain development approaches
    • Capitalizing on recent discoveries in oil, gas, and mineral resources to promote sustainable and inclusive economic growth and ensure environmental preservation, job creation and local development
    • Facilitating private sector development driven by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)

    Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation

    Progress:

    • Significant advancement in ICT

    Challenges:

    • Electronic waste (e-waste) management-disposal of obsolete equipment’s, gadgets and parts, etc. is posing a major threat to the environment
    • Issues of privacy, e-security, cyber-crime, intellectual property rights and associated security issues/ threats
    • High regional communication costs

    SDG priorities:

    • Developing Human Resource capacity in ICT
    • Translating ICT into programs that add value to the education system, the agricultural sector, the health sector, governance, leadership and ultimately achieve the overall goal of driving economic growth

    Reduce inequality within and among countries

    Challenges:

    • Increasing inequality

    SDG priorities:

    • Addressing regional disparities

    Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

    Challenges:

    • Rapid growth of urban population living in slums
    • Gaps in the enactment, implementation, and coordination of Disaster Risk Management policies and in national early response capacities

    SDG priorities:

    • Undertaking slum upgrading projects in urban areas, with the involvement of private sector, civil society and faith based organizations
    • Capacity building of institutions, communities and vulnerable people, particularly women, to increase their resilience and reduce the risks and impacts of disasters and shocks, including from climate change
    • Establishing and operationalizing coordination mechanisms and systems for mitigation and preparedness, early warning and timely response to disasters

    Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

    SDG Priorities:

    • Forthcoming

    Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

    Progress:

    • Reduction in forest loss and degradation

    Challenges:

    • Over-reliance on traditional biomass energy
    • Rapid increase of urban population

    SDG priorities:

    • Formulating national climate change strategy
    • Controlling the import, use and consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances
    • Building capacity in climate change mitigation and adaptation to increase the resilience of the communities and ecosystems to the impacts of climate change
    • Securing access to Climate Finance

    Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

    Challenges:

    • Weak environmental governance
    • Water scarcity and pollution from industry

    SDG priorities:

    • Developing and implementing natural resource management policy
    • Strengthening environmental governance
    • Fostering biodiversity protection

    Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems

    Progress:

    • Reduction in forest loss and degradation
    • Restoration of 123,179.9 ha degraded areas through protection of natural regeneration
    • Establishment of Kenya Forest Service

    Challenges:

    • Deforestation and desertification
    • Biodiversity loss
    • Encroachment on wildlife habitats
    • Land degradation

    SDG priorities:

    • Developing and implementing natural resource management policy
    • Strengthening environmental governance
    • Fostering biodiversity protection
    • Combating illegal wildlife trade and running anti-poaching campaigns

     

    Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

    Progress:

    • Increased and equitable access to services by citizens
    • Increased level of confidence in delivery of public services
    • Improved ability of County Governments to establish performance management systems and accountability mechanisms in the utilization of public resources and improve on public service delivery
    • Increased oversight role by constitutional commissions and independent bodies by providing policy guidance and informing the citizenry of the status of implementation of devolved governance system
    • Vibrant civil society to engage citizens in development

    Challenges:

    • Corruption
    • Localized conflicts due to lack of effective regulatory and legislative frameworks for extractive industries
    • Increased competition for natural resources, access to water and grazing pastures between pastoralists, refuges and host communities

    SDG priorities:

    • Implementing inclusive and equitable frameworks for natural resource management, including extractives
    • Improving access to justice through establishment of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms with non-state actors

    Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development

    Progress:

    • Steady increase in exports

    Challenges:

    • Reduction of the development expenditure due to budget constraints
    • Delays in development partners commitments

    SDG priorities:

    • Fostering multi-stakeholder collaboration with private sector, civil society, philanthropy, etc.

    Philanthropy in Kenya

    ‘Giving is ingrained within Kenyan culture. Individual donations to family, extended clan networks, and within villages is commonplace, and extends across tribal, ethnic and geographical circles.

    Kenyan philanthropy is both ancient and modern, combining centuries of old traditions with modern information and technologies. 

    Together with foundations from Europe and North America and growing African and local philanthropy, Kenya presents opportunities for taking blended finance approaches, co-investing and forming partnerships across the risk-appetite spectrum that bring together resources from government, donors, development finance institutions, traditional grant-makers, social investors and impact investors. 

    Giving is ingrained within Kenyan culture, where most philanthropy flows through individual relationships of trust and compassion rather than formal institutions. Faith-based philanthropic organizations remain a major source of vast philanthropic assets, especially in land and properties. 

    A strong demand exists to mobilize community efforts to build and maintain basic infrastructure in health and education sectors. Community-based philanthropy is increasing and there are now innovative ways to fund and manage financial flows, including matching grants, property rentals and for-profit income-generating investments for cross-subsidization across sectors.

    Navigating the Landscape

    What you need to know about doing philanthropy in Kenya.

    Legal structures

    NGOs Kenya

    Trusts

    Companies limited by guarantees

    Societies Kenya

    The Development Agenda and SDGs

    Philanthropy must keep in mind Pan-African and regional, national and subnational levels of governance and accountability that influence development priorities and structures.

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    now time long-term

    The SDG Process in Kenya

    How far along is Kenya in formally integrating the SDGS into its planning, implementation and monitoring processes?

    1

    Planning

    2

    Implementation

    3

    Monitoring