The Seventh National Development Plan (7NDP), which is the country’s blue-print for development for the next five years, up to 2021, envisions a prosperous middle-income economy that offers decent employment opportunities for all Zambians of different skills and background and will be achieved by harnessing opportunities for economic diversification and growth. It is a building block formulated to meet the goals contained in the Vision 2030.
The Vision 2030 is a long-term plan that expresses the aspirations of the Zambian people to live in a strong and dynamic, middle-income industrial nation that provides opportunities for improving the well-being of all. It embodies values of socio-economic justice underpinned by the principles of gender-responsive, sustainable development; democracy; respect for human rights; good traditional and family values; positive attitude towards work; peaceful co-existence; and public-private partnerships (PPPs).
The Vision 2030 outlines long-term national and sector goals for attaining desirable socio-economic indicators, to fulfil the Zambian people’s aspirations. Once implemented, the vision positions Zambia as an economy which is competitive, self-sustaining, dynamic and resilient to any external shocks, supports stability and protection of biological and physical systems and is free from donor dependence. In addition, Zambia is expected to have stable social and cultural systems that support human capital formation.
The plan underlines that Zambia’s comparative advantage lies in its endowment of renewable and natural resources which can be productively harnessed. Overall good climate and soils make organic and climate-smart agriculture development and processing poised for growth.
Also, the plan indicates that Zambia is competitive on tourism, green-housing, and forestry and fishery sectors. The natural beauty makes tourism unique. Being one of the most water-rich countries in Africa with a high intensity of sunshine opens new avenues for renewable energy generation. Low-cost green-housing and construction have competitive edges because of the perfect soils for stabilized earth blocks. Forestry and fisheries also have high potential if sustainably managed. In addition to integrating development across key sectors for pro-poor economic growth, tackling vulnerabilities is poised to reduce social exclusion.
The plan further reveals that Zambia has to make fundamental policy shifts if the country is to achieve the objectives of the Vision 2030. Achieving these objectives is essential to repositioning the Zambian economy onto growth and development, in a manner that makes the country less susceptible to both domestic and external shocks.
According to the plan, accelerating economic diversification for shielding the economy from the effects of adverse commodity price fluctuations is cardinal. Progress towards diversification should show a much bigger reduction in the contribution of mining to the gross domestic product and increases in other sectors.
Lastly, the plan proposes building a strong manufacturing and industrial base, which is key to maintaining a strong export-oriented economy that can create resilience in the economy to both external and domestic shocks. This is crucial to ensuring a stable foreign exchange, enhanced foreign currency reserves, stable inflation, more decent jobs and an expanded capital base for the economy, among other things. A strong manufacturing and industrial base also helps in forging backward and forward linkages between primary, secondary and tertiary industries and ensures sustained circular flow of resources within the economy while bolstering job creation.
SDG Philanthropy Platform in Zambia, as part of the UN interagency team, contributed to the development of the 7th National Development Plan by channeling inputs from its philanthropic partners covering health, nutrition, education and skills development, as well as water, sanitation, and hygiene. Preliminary discussions have been held with the Directorate of Public Investment in the Ministry of National Development Planning on the need to formally recognize and document the philanthropy sector’s contribution to the implementation of the 7th National Development Plan.
For more information, please check the documents below.
Photo credit: UNICEF Zambia